The different types of domain names explained

domain names explained

Before we start talking about the types of domain names, we must be sure that you understand the term domain name. A domain name is a string that contains letters and/or hyphens/numbers that are divided by at least one period (dot). These strings serve as pointers to a special numerical address present on a network. What is important to understand is that every domain name ends with a domain extension that usually has two or three characters. In some cases, the extension tells us more about the country where the website is based or the specific kind of organization that owns the website. Of course, these extensions have other meanings too.

Domain names work under the DNS (Domain Name System). This system serves as an address book of the World Wide Web. This is the system that converts the name into the unique IP address associated with your website.

Now that you know what domain names are, it’s time to find out more about the types of domain names. We will analyze the basic types of domain names in this article.

First and foremost, there are top-level domains. There are actually a few different kinds of top-level domains. For example, there are country code TLDs. They are related to unique geographical locations. US stands for the United States, UK – for the United Kingdom, FR for France, CN for China, RU for Russia and so on.

The list of TLDs continues with gTLD which represent generic Top Level Domains. The most used gTLD and type of domain name, in general, is .com (commercial). Some other examples include – .info, .org, .gov, .biz, .net etc. Finally, there are internationalized country code TLDs too. These extensions allow the use of non-Latin characters like Cyrillic characters in the domain name.

Besides the top level domain names, there are second level and third level domain names. It’s best to showcase some examples in order to understand what these domain names are. For example, a second level domain is On the other hand, third level domain names include three extensions after the unique domain name.

While we are talking about types of domain names, we also have to mention subdomains. They come in front of the unique domain name you have selected like The term information is the subdomain in this case.

Hopefully, this article will help you figure out what kind of domain name you need.

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